GCFX | Forex Trading 101: Understanding the Basics


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forex trading in dubai

Forex Trading 101: Understanding the Basics


Forex trading, also known as foreign exchange trading, is a global market with over $7 trillion traded daily, marking it as the world’s most liquid market.

Popular among investors for hedging portfolios or earning through trading, forex can seem daunting for beginners to understand.

GCFX | Forex Trading 101: Understanding the Basics

This blog post aims to simplify the forex market. It will explain its mechanics, and basic terminology, and highlight potential risks and rewards. The goal is to equip you with the knowledge to make informed trading decisions.

By the end of this post, you will have a solid understanding of forex basics ideal for forex trading for beginners, allowing you to confidently venture into the forex world. Whether you’re a beginner seeking to start or an experienced trader looking to refresh your knowledge, this comprehensive guide is for you.

What is forex trading?

Forex trading in UAE is the act of buying one currency while simultaneously selling another.

While FX transactions could be done for purposes like travelling abroad, the vast majority of currency conversion is undertaken by forex traders to earn a profit.

Unlike other financial markets, currency trading is open 24 hours a day, five days a week, allowing traders to respond to global political, economic, and social events in real-time.

How does it work?

Forex trading in Dubai works much like trading shares. Instead of buying and selling shares of companies, traders buy and sell currencies. 

GCFX | Forex Trading 101: Understanding the Basics

Forex meaning is essentially a transaction where you exchange one currency for another, hoping the currency you bought will increase in value compared to the one you sold.

Forex example

Let’s consider a simple example of trading in the market. Suppose it’s January 1st and you believe that the Euro will gain value against the US dollar in the next few months. For this reason, you decide to buy €10,000 at the EUR/USD exchange rate of 1.20. This means you initially paid $12,000 (€10,000 * 1.20).

Fast forward to April 1st, your prediction turns out to be correct and the Euro has indeed appreciated against the US dollar. The EUR/USD exchange rate is now at 1.30. You decide to sell your €10,000 and get $13,000 (€10,000 * 1.30).

So, you started with $12,000 in January and ended with $13,000 in April, making a profit of $1,000 over 4 months.

Embark on your forex path with GCFX today.

Why is trading important?

Online foreign exchange trading offers numerous opportunities, such as leveraging and diversification. It is particularly beneficial for traders due to three primary reasons:

Access to a global market

Online trading provides access to a global trading platform, exposing traders to various economies. This exposure allows FX traders to capitalize on global economic events and trends.


The Forex market operates 24 hours a day, five days a week, offering flexibility to

traders. This availability allows FX traders to operate at their convenience, making it

particularly suitable for those with busy schedules.

Profit opportunities

Perhaps most importantly, trading offers opportunities to profit from both rising and falling markets. Traders can buy a currency pair when they anticipate an increase in value (going ‘long’’) or sell when they expect a decrease in value (going ‘short’).

GCFX | Forex Trading 101: Understanding the Basics

Basic terminologies in Forex trading

Understanding forex terms is crucial for any aspiring trader. Here are some of the most commonly used terms.

Currency pairs

Currency trading involves buying one currency and selling another simultaneously. These two currencies form a currency pair. For instance, in the pair USD/EUR, USD is the base currency, and EUR is the quoted currency.


These are the most traded currency pairs in the forex market, and they all include the US dollar. Examples are USD/EUR, USD/JPY, and GBP/USD.


The spread is the difference between the bid (buy) and ask (sell) price of a currency pair. Forex users make their money from this difference.


Short for “percentage in point,” a pip is the smallest price move that a currency pair can make. It’s usually the fourth decimal place in a currency quote (0.0001)


This is the amount of money required in your account to open a trade using leverage. It’s a portion of your total trading capital set aside as a deposit to your forex broker in the UAE.


A lot is the standard size for a currency trade. Understanding these terms is the first step towards becoming a confident and successful

forex trader.

How forex trades are quoted?

Forex trades are quoted in terms of currency pairs, with the base currency listed first and the quote currency second. The quote represents the amount of the quote currency needed to purchase one unit of the base currency.

GCFX | Forex Trading 101: Understanding the Basics

For example, if the EUR/USD pair is quoted as 1.20, that means it costs 1.20 US dollars to buy one euro. The first currency (EUR in this case) is known as the base currency, and the second one (USD in this case) is known as the quote currency.

Forex quotes are typically presented with a bid price and an ask price. The bid price is the price at which traders can sell the base currency (and buy the quote currency), and the asking price is the price at which traders can buy the base currency (and sell the quote currency).

Risks and rewards in online trading

This section will highlight both the challenges and opportunities presented by the currency market in the UAE.

Risks in trading

Online trading, despite its profit potential, is not without risks. These are some of the key risks involved in this mark:

Price volatility

The forex market is known for its high volatility. For example, unexpected news events can cause a currency pair to swiftly rise or fall, which can lead to substantial losses if not managed correctly. Online trading platform traders need to use risk management techniques to protect their portfolios against such volatility.

Interest Rate Risk

Changes in a country’s interest rates can affect the value of its currency. For example, if the US Federal Reserve increases interest rates, it could cause the USD to appreciate, affecting all currency pairs involving the USD.

Market Risk

Various factors, including economic indicators, political events, and natural disasters, can affect the forex market. For instance, a political crisis can cause a country’s currency to plummet. Traders must stay informed about global events and adjust their strategies accordingly.

Rewards in the forex market

Despite the risks, it can also be rewarding. The potential rewards include:

High Liquidity

The forex market’s high liquidity means traders can enter and exit positions easily, even with large volumes.

24-hour Market

Because the forex world operates 24 hours a day, online trading platform users can respond to global events in real time. If a significant economic announcement is made in Japan while it’s night in America, traders can still react and adjust their trading strategies.

Potential for high returns

The forex market’s volatility, while a risk, also presents opportunities for high returns. For instance, if a trader correctly predicts a significant market move, they could make a substantial profit.

How to get started with trading?

After educating yourself about the high-liquid market, including its basics, risks, and rewards, and deciding to enter the markets, the next step is to choose a reliable forex broker and open an online trading account.

Choose a reliable forex broker

A forex broker in UAE provides a platform for buying and selling currencies. Choose a broker that is reliable, regulated, and offers a user-friendly platform with competitive spreads.

GCFX | Forex Trading 101: Understanding the Basics

Open a trading account

After selecting a broker, the next step is to reach out to a broker and open an online trading account. You can apply for an account with GCFX and get started in a quick time.

If you’re seeking a reliable and user-friendly platform to start your trading journey, consider opening a trading account with GCFX. GCFX offers competitive spreads, a wealth of educational resources, and 24/7 customer support to help you confidently navigate the forex market.

Start Trading with GCFX today to step into the world of trading!


Online trading can be a fascinating and profitable venture if approached with knowledge and caution. As with any investment, it’s essential to educate yourself about the market, understand the risks involved, and develop a sound trading strategy. Ready to dive into the world of forex? Start by opening a demo account to learn about forex trading in dubai without any risk.